Contribution of cassava and cassava-based products to food and nutrition security in Migori County, Kenya

Contribution of cassava and cassava-based products to food and nutrition security in Migori County, Kenya

Author: 
Ouma, James Odhiambo
Publisher: 
Rural Outreach Programme (ROP)
Date published: 
2021
Record type: 
Responsibility: 
Abong?, GO, jt. author
Ngala, S, jt. author
Journal Title: 
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Source: 
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol 21, No. 1, January 2021, pp. 17399-17414
Abstract: 

The promotion of cassava as a staple and food security crop is widespread in Africa, Kenya included. Overreliance on cassava as a sole energy provider could lead to malnutrition. Consumption of high hydro-cyanide levels from cassava products could lead to health complications for consumers. This study sought to establish the contribution of cassava consumption to nutrition in Migori County.A cross-sectional survey was carried out and data collected on households? cassava production and consumption practices. Two hundred and fifty-three households were randomly selected and household farming heads interviewed in West Kanyamkago, Orango Central and Kamgundho locations as areas where cassava is predominantly grown. Seven cassava flour samples of different cassava varieties grown in the area were obtained from farmers. Analyses were done to determine the moisture, cyanide and protein contents on flour and cooked stiff porridge (ugali). Results indicated that 99.1% of the households were farming. They highly depended on sale of farm and livestock produce as income. Ninety four percent of the households consumed cassava, of which 88.4% produced cassava on their farms. The most preferred cassava variety was 'Rateng'.The main cassava products consumed were ugali (stiff porridge) and porridge. Majority of the households (95%) never consumed cassava leaves and were not aware that cassava leaves could be consumed. The cyanide level on average on dry flours was 53.23mg/kg while on consumed cooked ugali was13.44mg/kg. These levels were above the maximum limit of 10mg/kg recommended by WHO. Low average protein levels of

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CITATION: Ouma, James Odhiambo. Contribution of cassava and cassava-based products to food and nutrition security in Migori County, Kenya . : Rural Outreach Programme (ROP) , 2021. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol 21, No. 1, January 2021, pp. 17399-17414 - Available at: http://library.au.int/contribution-cassava-and-cassava-based-products-food-and-nutrition-security-migori-county-kenya