Building Democracy in Egypt: Women's Political Participation, Political Part Life and Democratic Elections

Building Democracy in Egypt: Women's Political Participation, Political Part Life and Democratic Elections

Author: 
Mustafa, Hala
Place: 
Stockholm
Publisher: 
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)
Phys descriptions: 
95p.
Date published: 
2005
Record type: 
Responsibility: 
Shukor,Abdal-Ghaffar, jt author, Rabi, A.H., jt author
ISBN: 
9185391360
Call No: 
342.34(620) MUS
Abstract: 

Internal pressures and advocacy for change have raised awareness and precipitated debates about the nature and need for reform process in many Arab countries. Such debates have drawn in a diverse range of groups articulating interests and defining their own political programmes. In this context, electoral processes, women's participation and political parties have emerged as central issues in political reform agendas in the Arab world. The establishment in the mid-1990s of pan-Arab and transnational satellite television and radio channels widened space for debate that was not subject to national-level restrictions and censorship. In addition, the ratification by many Arab governments of international conventions related to political and economic reforms and the abolition of all forms of discrimination against women has offered new leverage for change. Demographic trends (60 per cent of the population in these countries is under adult age) are giving added impetus to demands for further economic and political reform. As a result, many reforms have been introduced in countries like Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait, while political openness has been developing in Yemen. Advances continue in Jordan and Morocco, where reforms were already in progress.

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CITATION: Mustafa, Hala. Building Democracy in Egypt: Women's Political Participation, Political Part Life and Democratic Elections . Stockholm : International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) , 2005. - Available at: http://library.au.int/building-democracy-egypt-womens-political-participation-political-part-life-and-democratic-electio-3