Climate change vulnerability in Ethiopia: disaggregation of Tigray Region

Climate change vulnerability in Ethiopia: disaggregation of Tigray Region

Author: 
Tagel Gebrehiwot
Publisher: 
Taylor & Francis
Date published: 
2013
Record type: 
Responsibility: 
van der Veen, Anne, jt. author
Journal Title: 
Journal of Eastern African Studies
Source: 
Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 7, No. 4, November 2013, pp. 607-629
Abstract: 

Climate change and variability severely affect rural livelihoods and agricultural productivity, yet they are causes of stress vulnerable rural households have to cope with. This paper investigated farming communities' vulnerability to climate change and climate variability across 34 agricultural-based districts in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. It considered 24 biophysical and socio-economic indicators to reflect the three components of climate change vulnerability: exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. A framework was used that combines exposure and sensitivity to produce potential impact, which was then compared with adaptive capacity in order to yield an overall measure of vulnerability. The classic statistical technique of factor analysis was applied to generate weights for the different indicators and an overall vulnerability index was constructed for the 34 rural districts. The analysis revealed that the districts deemed to be most vulnerable to climate change and variability overlapped with the most vulnerable populations. The most exposed farming communities showed a relatively low capacity for adaptation. The study further showed that vulnerability to climate change and variability is basically linked to social and economic developments.

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Country focus: 

CITATION: Tagel Gebrehiwot. Climate change vulnerability in Ethiopia: disaggregation of Tigray Region . : Taylor & Francis , 2013. Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 7, No. 4, November 2013, pp. 607-629 - Available at: http://library.au.int/climate-change-vulnerability-ethiopia-disaggregation-tigray-region-4