Decent Rural Employment in a Specialised and a Diversified Production System in Tanzania

Decent Rural Employment in a Specialised and a Diversified Production System in Tanzania

Author: 
Behrendt, Lena
Place: 
Oxon
Publisher: 
Taylor and Francis
Date published: 
2021
Record type: 
Responsibility: 
Estruch, Elisenda, jt. author
Sauer, Johannes, jt. author
Ayenew, Habtamu Y. , jt. author
Getachew Abate-Kassa, jt. author
Wobst, Peter, jt. author
Journal Title: 
Development Southern Africa
Source: 
Development Southern Africa Vol 38 No 6 2021 pp 1017-1030
Abstract: 

The agricultural sector in developing countries plays a vital role in food security as well as providing employment opportunities to the rural population. This study examines how decent quality of rural employment can be associated with technical efficiency of agricultural production of smallholder farmers in Tanzania. While labour is considered an input in the production process, various forms of labour are rarely measured in the context of employment quality. Using a latent-class stochastic frontier model, two types of farming systems are identified: a specialised crop system and a diversified farming system. The study found child labour to be significantly contributing to the inefficiency of agricultural production only in the diversified farming system, while precarious employment contributed to the inefficiency in both farming systems. Based on these findings policymaking that targets decent employment in developing countries needs to account for differences in farming systems.

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Country focus: 
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CITATION: Behrendt, Lena. Decent Rural Employment in a Specialised and a Diversified Production System in Tanzania . Oxon : Taylor and Francis , 2021. Development Southern Africa Vol 38 No 6 2021 pp 1017-1030 - Available at: http://library.au.int/decent-rural-employment-specialised-and-diversified-production-system-tanzania