Failing to Yield? Ploughs, Conservation Agriculture and the Problem of Agricultural Intensification: An Example from the Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe

Failing to Yield? Ploughs, Conservation Agriculture and the Problem of Agricultural Intensification: An Example from the Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe

Author: 
Baudron, Frédéric
Publisher: 
Taylor & Francis
Date published: 
2012
Record type: 
Responsibility: 
Andersson, Jens A., jt. author
Corbeels, Marc, jt. author
Giller, Ken E., jt. author
Journal Title: 
Journal of Development Studies
Source: 
The Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 48, Issue 3, March 2012, pp. 393-412
Abstract: 

Agricultural intensification, or increasing yield, has been a persistent theme in policy interventions in African smallholder agriculture. This article focuses on two hegemonic policy models of such intensification: (1) the ‘Alvord model’ of plough-based, integrated crop-livestock farming promoted in colonial Zimbabwe; and (2) minimum-tillage mulch-based, Conservation Agriculture, as currently preached by a wide range of international agricultural research and development agencies. An analysis of smallholder farming practices in Zimbabwe's Zambezi Valley, reveals the limited inherent understanding of farmer practices in these models. It shows why many smallholder farmers in southern Africa are predisposed towards extensification rather than intensification, and suggests that widespread Conservation Agriculture adoption is unlikely.

Language: 
Country focus: 

CITATION: Baudron, Frédéric. Failing to Yield? Ploughs, Conservation Agriculture and the Problem of Agricultural Intensification: An Example from the Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe . : Taylor & Francis , 2012. The Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 48, Issue 3, March 2012, pp. 393-412 - Available at: http://library.au.int/failing-yield-ploughs-conservation-agriculture-and-problem-agricultural-intensification-example-4