Following in the Footsteps of Policy Entrepreneurs

Following in the Footsteps of Policy Entrepreneurs

Subtitle: 
Policy Advocates and Pro Forma Adopters
Author: 
Wampler, Brian
Publisher: 
Taylor & Francis Group
Record type: 
Journal Title: 
Journal of Development Studies
Source: 
The Journal of Development Studies,Vol.45,no.4,April 2009,pp.572-592
Abstract: 

The third wave of democratisation has been accompanied by the spread of new institutions that allow citizens to directly participate in shaping policy outcomes. Leading international organisations, such as the World Bank and UN Habitat, have disseminated ‘best practice’ programmes identified with ‘good government’ policy reform efforts. One of the best known programmes, participatory budgeting (PB), was first adopted by an entrepreneurial government in 1989 as a means to promote social justice, accountability, and transparency. Yet, when these programmes are copied by policy advocates and pro forma adopters, the political pay-offs for government officials are smaller, which leads them to provide weaker support for the adopted policy. This article demonstrates that policy entrepreneurs are more likely to provide greater resources and support to innovative policies than their policy advocates and pro forma adopter counterparts due to the types of political payoffs available to them. The article concludes by considering when it might be most appropriate for international funding agencies and nongovernmental organisations to promote best practice policies.

Language: 

CITATION: Wampler, Brian. Following in the Footsteps of Policy Entrepreneurs . : Taylor & Francis Group , . The Journal of Development Studies,Vol.45,no.4,April 2009,pp.572-592 - Available at: http://library.au.int/following-footsteps-policy-entrepreneurs-3