Household headship and nutritional status of toddlers

Household headship and nutritional status of toddlers

Author: 
Chindime, Clara
Publisher: 
Union for African Population Studies
Date published: 
2007
Record type: 
Journal Title: 
African Population Studies
Source: 
African Population Studies, Volume 21 - Number 2 - April 2007
Abstract: 

The feminisation of poverty indicates that female-headed households (FHH) constitute a vulnerable socio-economic group generally considered as impoverished compared to male-headed households (MHH). The interest in this paper is to examine whether the nutritional status of children in FHH differ significantlty from that of children in MHH. Anthropomeric date on 1466 toddlers aed 12-59 months and several societal, household and individal variables from the Malawi Demographic Health Survey (MDHS) 1992 werer used to find out the net impact of the sew of household head on stunting, under nutrition and wasting in the toddlers. The bavariate results show that children in FHH (stunted - 56.7%; underweight - 33.3%; wasted - 6.7%) may note have poorer nutritional outcomes than their counterparts from MHH (stunted - 53.6%; underweight - 31.3%; wasted - 5.7%) since the differences are not significant. However, a number of the background characteristics were significantly associated with the three indicators suggesting that the results on headship could be masker by the differentials shown in background characteristics. Furthermore, results from the logistic regression analysis suggest that economic status has the strongest relationship with stunting. Hence the likelihood that a child from a better economic status houshold will be stunted is 50% less likely compared to a child from a poor household. Besides economic status, the role of birth weight, child's age sanitation and the region in which the child lives were found to be important differentials in the nutritional status of toddlers in Malawi.

Language: 

CITATION: Chindime, Clara. Household headship and nutritional status of toddlers . : Union for African Population Studies , 2007. African Population Studies, Volume 21 - Number 2 - April 2007 - Available at: http://library.au.int/household-headship-and-nutritional-status-toddlers-3