Limits of hybrid political orders: the case of Somaliland

Limits of hybrid political orders: the case of Somaliland

Author: 
Hoehne, Markus Virgil
Publisher: 
Taylor & Francis
Date published: 
2013
Record type: 
Journal Title: 
Journal of Eastern African Studies
Source: 
Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2, May 2013, pp. 199-217
Abstract: 

Hybrid political orders are in the literature discussed as a heuristic tool to understand how power and legitimacy are negotiated in settings where the Western model of the liberal democratic state does not work. Sometimes they are presented as an alternative model for successful statehood, e.g., by combining ‘traditional’ and ‘modern’ political institutions. The Republic of Somaliland is frequently presented as functioning hybrid political order. A cornerstone for Somaliland's success was the integration of traditional authorities in government. These authorities engaged in peace-building and state formation in the early 1990s. Their role was institutionalized in the ‘House of Elders’, the upper house of parliament. This article argues that the hybrid political order of Somaliland has outlived its success. What is left at the beginning of the 21st century is an imbalanced and in many regards ‘crippled’ hybrid. It threatens democratic progress and undermines the authority and legitimacy of the state institutions as well as the leading traditional authorities in the region. These developments in Somaliland show the limits of hybrid political systems in general.

Language: 

CITATION: Hoehne, Markus Virgil. Limits of hybrid political orders: the case of Somaliland . : Taylor & Francis , 2013. Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2, May 2013, pp. 199-217 - Available at: http://library.au.int/limits-hybrid-political-orders-case-somaliland-4