Military Influence in Foreign Policy-making: Changing Dynamics in North African Regimes

Military Influence in Foreign Policy-making: Changing Dynamics in North African Regimes

Author: 
Barany, Zoltan
Place: 
Oxon
Publisher: 
Taylor & Francis Group
Date published: 
2019
Record type: 
Journal Title: 
Journal of North African Studies
Source: 
Journal of North African Studies,Vol. 24, No. 4, 2019, pp. 579-598
Abstract: 

The strong political position armed forces enjoy in authoritarian states and the high priority military elites assign to foreign affairs would lead one to believe that in North Africa - a region made up of authoritarian states with the sole, recent, and partial exception of Tunisia - generals had the political standing to exert a major influence on foreign policy decisions. This would not be a correct assumption because in this region the armed forces' political influence is actually highly variable. Of the five states analysed in this article (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia) the military is the dominant political institution only in Algeria and Egypt. In the other three countries, the army plays a marginal political role and, by extension, possesses modest foreign policy influence. Moreover, the political clout of these armies is not constant. Since the Arab Spring the political influence of Egyptian generals has considerably increased, that of their Tunisian colleagues has marginally risen, while the status of Libya's military leaders has diminished.

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CITATION: Barany, Zoltan. Military Influence in Foreign Policy-making: Changing Dynamics in North African Regimes . Oxon : Taylor & Francis Group , 2019. Journal of North African Studies,Vol. 24, No. 4, 2019, pp. 579-598 - Available at: http://library.au.int/military-influence-foreign-policy-making-changing-dynamics-north-african-regimes