Quality evaluation of gari produced from provitamin A cassava (Manihot esculenta) enriched with African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa)

Quality evaluation of gari produced from provitamin A cassava (Manihot esculenta) enriched with African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa)

Author: 
Olatunde, SJ
Publisher: 
Rural Outreach Programme (ROP)
Date published: 
2021
Record type: 
Region: 
Responsibility: 
Owoola, GO, jt. author
Ajiboye, TS, jt. author
Babarinde, GO, jt. author
Journal Title: 
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Source: 
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol 21, No. 3, April 2021, pp. 17682-17695
Abstract: 

Provitamin A cassava (PVAC), a biofortified yellow cassava, has great potential to alleviate vitamin A deficiency in sub-Saharan Africa. Blending PVAC with an underutilized legume, African Yam Bean (AYB), in gari production will go a long way in reducing protein and vitamin A malnutrition problems in sub-Saharan Africa where gari is a staple food. Gari was produced from PVAC mash substituted with varying proportions (0, 7.5, 15, 23 and 30%) of AYB using simplex lattice design expert (version 16.0). The gari samples were evaluated for their nutritional composition, physicochemical properties and anti-nutritional factors. Sensory attributes of the products were evaluated using a 7-point hedonic scale. Moisture contents of all the gari samples were below 5% indicating safe level for prolonged storage. Substituting PVAC with AYB at varying proportions resulted in 14.4-23.7%, 16.3-23.5%, 19.8-20.3% and 15.5-20.3% for ash, protein, calorific and beta-carotene contents, respectively, and 18.3-21.8% reduction in fiber content. Production of gari from blends of PVAC and AYB significantly (p

Language: 

CITATION: Olatunde, SJ. Quality evaluation of gari produced from provitamin A cassava (Manihot esculenta) enriched with African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) . : Rural Outreach Programme (ROP) , 2021. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol 21, No. 3, April 2021, pp. 17682-17695 - Available at: http://library.au.int/quality-evaluation-gari-produced-provitamin-cassava-manihot-esculenta-enriched-african-yam-bean