Stakeholders' impediments in promoting school nutrition education in South Africa: Implications on youth dietary knowledge of excess fats and carbohydrates

Stakeholders' impediments in promoting school nutrition education in South Africa: Implications on youth dietary knowledge of excess fats and carbohydrates

Author: 
Mafugu, Tafirenyika
Publisher: 
Rural Outreach Programme (ROP)
Date published: 
2021
Record type: 
Journal Title: 
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Source: 
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol 21, No. 1, January 2021, pp. 17158-17177
Abstract: 

There is prevalence of overweight and obesity in South Africa. Evidence of nutrition knowledge and challenges affecting the promotion of nutrition interventions is needed to produce more effective strategies to prevent nutrition problems in schoolchildren. The study sought to explore challenges encountered by stakeholders of the school nutrition programme in promoting nutrition education. Furthermore, the study aimed to assess the implications of the stakeholders 'challenges on learners' dietary knowledge of excess fats and carbohydrates. The study took place in eight secondary schools in the Pinetown District, KwaZulu-Natal,South Africa. The qualitative data from nine interviewees who were stakeholders of the school nutrition programme were analysed using thematic content analysis. Quantitative data were collected from 108 grade 12learners using self-administered questionnaires.The quantitative data was coded, collated and analysed using SPSS. Independent sample t-test was used to evaluate if there was significant difference between gender and the mean values. One-way ANOVA was used to establish if there was any significant difference between the mean values of learners' knowledge on various nutrition principles.Learners displayed inadequate knowledge of a healthy diet(34%),the importance of vegetables in the diet (71%), the health risks of excess fats (64.8%) and excess carbohydrates (77.8%),and nutritious food to be eaten daily (40.7%). Comparison of group means of various nutrition principles using one way ANOVA indicated significant difference at p

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CITATION: Mafugu, Tafirenyika. Stakeholders' impediments in promoting school nutrition education in South Africa: Implications on youth dietary knowledge of excess fats and carbohydrates . : Rural Outreach Programme (ROP) , 2021. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol 21, No. 1, January 2021, pp. 17158-17177 - Available at: http://library.au.int/stakeholders-impediments-promoting-school-nutrition-education-south-africa-implications-youth