'Stealing The Way' To Mecca: West African Pilgrims And Illicit Red Sea Passages, 1920S-50S

'Stealing The Way' To Mecca: West African Pilgrims And Illicit Red Sea Passages, 1920S-50S

Author: 
Miran, Jonathan
Publisher: 
Cambridge University Press
Date published: 
2015
Record type: 
Journal Title: 
Journal of African History
Source: 
The Journal of African History, Vol. 56, No. 3, November 2015, pp. 389-408
Abstract: 

West African participation in the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) grew considerably throughout the first half of the twentieth century. This article examines the causes and consequences of failed British and Saudi efforts to channel, regulate, and control the trans-Sahelian flow of pilgrims and enforce a regime of mobility along the Sahel and across the Red Sea. Focusing specifically on Red Sea 'illicit' passages, the study recovers the rampant and often harrowing crossings of dozens of thousands of West African pilgrims from the Eritrean to the Arabian coasts. It examines multiple factors that drove the circumvention of channeling and control measures and inscribes the experiences of West African historical actors on multiple historiographic fields that are seldom organically tied to West Africa: Northeast African regional history, the colonial history of Italian Eritrea, and the Red Sea as a maritime space connecting Africa with Arabia.

Language: 
Country focus: 

CITATION: Miran, Jonathan. 'Stealing The Way' To Mecca: West African Pilgrims And Illicit Red Sea Passages, 1920S-50S . : Cambridge University Press , 2015. The Journal of African History, Vol. 56, No. 3, November 2015, pp. 389-408 - Available at: http://library.au.int/stealing-way-mecca-west-african-pilgrims-and-illicit-red-sea-passages-1920s-50s-0