A survey of Schistosoma Bovis in cattle in Kwale district Kenya

A survey of Schistosoma Bovis in cattle in Kwale district Kenya

Author: 
IT, Kamanja
Publisher: 
African Union - Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources
Date published: 
2011
Record type: 
Responsibility: 
M., Githiga S.
M., Muchemi G.
C., Mwandawiro
Journal Title: 
Bulletin of Animal health and Production in Africa/ Bulletin de la Sante et de la Production Animales en Afrique
Source: 
Bulletin of animal health and production in Africa/Bulletin des santé et production animales en Afrique, Vol. 59, No. 2, June/Juin 2011, pp. 161-168
Abstract: 

A study was carried out to determine the prevalence and possible public health importance of Schistosoma bovis in cattle in Kwale District Abattoir surveys were carried out where the mesenteric veins of the carcasses were visually examined for the presence of adult S. bovis worms. Three abattoirs were visited. These were Ngombeniand Kwale slaughter houses in Matuga division and Mwambungo slaughter house in Msabweni division. Identification of S. bovis eggs was done after sedimentation of rectal faecal samples. A total of 492 samples from various divisions in the district were analyzed. Snails were sampled using the scooping method in the water bodies and digging in riverbeds. were put in 24-well microtitre plates under the shade for at least two hours to induce shedding of cercariae. Stool urine samples from school going children from Matuga Msabweni and Kinango divisions were analyzed for S.bovis eggs. The prevalence of S. bovis eggs as 16.9%while the prevalence of S. bovis adult worms was 25.1%. Snails of the genus Bulinus were recovered from the various water bodies. No S. bovis eggs were recovered from the stool samples. Eggs of S. haematobium were recovered from urine samples. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) confirmed that the adult worms recovered from slaughtered cattle were S. bovis. It was concluded that S.bovis is prevalent in cattle in Kwale district. The water bodies were infested with the snail intermediate host.

Language: 
Country focus: 
Alternate title: 
Enquête relative à la détermination de la prévalence de Schistosoma Bovis chez les Bovins du District de Kwale (Kenya)

CITATION: IT, Kamanja. A survey of Schistosoma Bovis in cattle in Kwale district Kenya . : African Union - Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources , 2011. Bulletin of animal health and production in Africa/Bulletin des santé et production animales en Afrique, Vol. 59, No. 2, June/Juin 2011, pp. 161-168 - Available at: http://library.au.int/survey-schistosoma-bovis-cattle-kwale-district-kenya-3