Improving Skills Development in the Informal Sector

Improving Skills Development in the Informal Sector

Author: 
Adams, Arvil V.
Place: 
Washington, D. C.
Publisher: 
World Bank Group
Date published: 
2013
Record type: 
Responsibility: 
Johansson de Silva, Sara, jt. author
Razmara, Setareh, jt. author
Editor: 
Cervigni, Raffaello| Dvorak, Irina| Rogers, John Allen
Abstract: 

The informal sector of Sub-Saharan Africa is comprised of small and household enterprises that operate in the non-farm sector outside the protected employment of the formal wage sector. The sector was identified 40 years ago by the ILO representing a pool of surplus labor that was expected to be absorbed by future industrialization, but rather than gradually disappearing, it has become a persistent feature of the region?s economic landscape accounting for a majority of jobs created off the farm. Acknowledging its potential as a source of employment for the region?s expanding workforce and improving its productivity and earnings is recognized as a priority for poverty reduction. This study examines the role played by education and skills development in achieving this objective.Until now, few studies have used household labor force surveys to capture the skills profile of the informal sector and study how different means of skills development ? formal education, technical and vocational education and training, apprenticeships, and learning on the job -- shape productivity and earnings in the informal sector as compared with the formal wage sector. This study uses household labor force surveys to look at the experience of skills development in five African countries ? Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, and Tanzania ? that together account for one-third of the nearly 900 million persons living in SSA. The study defines the non-farm informal sector as the self-employed (own account and with workers), contributing family members, and wage workers in small and household enterprises...

CITATION: Adams, Arvil V.. Improving Skills Development in the Informal Sector edited by Cervigni, Raffaello| Dvorak, Irina| Rogers, John Allen . Washington, D. C. : World Bank Group , 2013. - Available at: http://library.au.int/improving-skills-development-informal-sector